The Feminist movement emerged in the 1960’s. Feminism is the belief that men and women should be politically, economically, and socially equal. During World War II, many women joined the nation’s workforce. After the war, many women returned to their roles as homemakers. However, more women took jobs outside the home during the 1950’s. By the mid-1960’s, almost half of American women worked outside the home, often in low-paying jobs. Women often faced employment discrimination, and their resentment grew.
In 1961, President Kennedy set up the Presidential Commission on the Status of Women. Its report helped create a network of feminist activists who lobbied Congress for women’s laws. Congress passed the Equal Pay Act in 1963. It outlawed paying men more than women for the same job. The Civil Rights Act in 1964 outlawed gender discrimination. In 1966, feminists formed the National Organisation for Women (NOW). It focused on greater educational opportunities for women and on aiding women in the workplace.
Modern Protests on Gender Equality: